The use of geospatial technologies is increasingly being used in a variety of fields. GIS is being used in many different industries and the skills required to be a successful GIS professional have evolved over the years. Below are recommendations on building a strong background in preparation for a career in GIS based on what the majority of employers are looking for. However, keep in mind you will find a wide variety of work and educational backgrounds among those working in GIS jobs.
There are more high resolution maps of the Moon and Mars, than the seafloor. Largely because of high costs and challenges at every stage of data gathering and processing. However, GIS-driven technological innovations have the power to change this with improved navigation and positioning systems and geoprocessing in real time for faster accurate surveys.
Every incident of terrorism provides a learning curve for the use of GIS and other geospatial technologies in the fight against terrorism. Little empirical work on the spatial and temporal aspects of terrorism exists. So, theoretical models are applied in combination with historical records of terrorists or terror organizations. There is plenty of potential for research, especially in the mashup of technologies that use Big Data and social media activity like tweets to pinpoint location of terrorists; LiDAR and LADAR for 3D mapping and combat operations, geo statistical software for modeling and predictions.
Turn unmeasurable goals into quantifiable indicators by mapping social capital strength of service oriented nonprofits, NGOs, or government agencies. Whether the need is to prove organizational efficacy, evaluate organizational reach, or demonstrate resource connectivity, social network mapping with GIS tools can bring the often fuzzy field of social science measurement to a new level of clarity by using social capital as a metric.