There are more high resolution maps of the Moon and Mars, than the seafloor. Largely because of high costs and challenges at every stage of data gathering and processing. However, GIS-driven technological innovations have the power to change this with improved navigation and positioning systems and geoprocessing in real time for faster accurate surveys.
The challenges of warfare, terrorism, disaster response, disease surveillance and combat, have led to the creation of a geospatially aware workforce equipped with GEOINT. Besides the NGA Government departments and humanitarian agencies all over the world are employing GEOINT professionals to combat threats to national security, safety and health.