Three space agencies, The NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration), ESA (European Space Agency), and JAXA (Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency) launched a collaborative website that will track COVID-19 impacts as observed by earth observation data. The COVID-19 Earth Observation Dashboard integrates satellite imagery and remotely sensed data from multiple satellite data records to map and track changes in air and water quality, climate change, economic activity, and agriculture due to the pandemic.
The intent of the tri-agency data resource is to provide visitors to the site with the ability to map and track the short-term and long-term impacts of responses to the pandemic. Users can explore COVID-19 related environmental and economic indicators based on remote sensing data from ESA, JAXA and NASA via the dashboard. Users can access the data offered by the dashboard to analyze the regional and global impacts of shelter-in-place orders and social distancing adherence. This includes data such as nitrogen dioxide (NO2) levels, changes in water quality, and changes in economic activity reflected in shipping activity in ports, cars parked at shopping centers, and nighttime lights in urban areas.
The dashboard also lets the public and policy makers analyze changes in agricultural production brought on by disruption in the food supply chain or due to the availability of labor. For example, the shutdown in Europe restricted the movement of seasonal farm workers which impacted the harvesting of asparagus in Germany. An analysis using data from the dashboard revealed a 20-30% reduction in asparagus production in Brandenberg, Germany during the months of March and April.