Mosquito-borne diseases such as Chikungunya, Dengue, and West Nile Virus are increasingly affecting populations across Europe. Habitat, climate, weather and wind patterns, proximity to water bodies, land use and vegetation are factors being used to accurately map out mosquito distributions in Europe. The effort, called VECMAP, uses known parameters affecting mosquito distribution along with satellite imagery, GNSS navigation technologies, and mobile communications to create maps that predict mosquito presence, abundance and risk. The resulting maps showing the likelihood of mosquitos in any given area can then be used to help strategize mosquito eradication efforts.
The effort is being coordinated by the European Space Agency (ESA) along with partners from private companies and The Dutch National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM).