This past fall, Esri published an updated edition of Map Use: Reading, Analysis, Interpretation.
As 2016 comes to a close, it’s time to start turning your attention to the upcoming New Year and reflect on what steps to you can take to improve your GIS skills and participate more in the geospatial community.
Gardening is largely about understanding spatial layout of plants. Given this reality, from research and public gardens to home and backyard plants one can find GIS being employed in the management and understanding of gardening.
There are more high resolution maps of the Moon and Mars, than the seafloor. Largely because of high costs and challenges at every stage of data gathering and processing. However, GIS-driven technological innovations have the power to change this with improved navigation and positioning systems and geoprocessing in real time for faster accurate surveys.
Historical geography is one area that has applied GIS to understand outcomes of battles, why cities were built in given locations, and using ancient technologies to understand length and difficulty of travel at different times of the year.
For the last two decades, GIS technologies have increasingly been used to incorporate not only spatial relationships but also analyzing and visualizing space across time. Spatial-temporal GIS, or 4D GIS, has, in particular, become essential in areas where GIS is needed for predicting dimensions across time.