Finding and choosing the right GIS educational program is critical to setting you on the right path towards a GIS career. Make sure you consider all your options before picking a GIS program to attend.
Assess your own educational needs
Make sure you pick the right educational pathway that fits in with your existing educational background. There are two main types of GIS programs: those that leads to a degree (most commonly a bachelor’s degree) and those that are not degree-based called certificate programs. Most GIS jobs require a bachelor’s degrees. There is a small minority that will accept a GIS certificate program but often require a significant longer amount of gis experience. If you don’t already have a bachelor’s, search for a program that offers a degree. Conversely, if you already have a bachelor’s and are moving over from an unrelated background, getting a second bachelor’s isn’t worth the extra time (if you’re really set on acquiring another degree it would be better to invest that time in a master’s degree in an area that allows you to learn and apply GIS).
Be critical of the course content
Make sure whatever program you choose offers a well-rounded GIS education. The coursework should not be just about learning how to use GIS software. Courses in geographical analysis, cartography, database management, basic programming, data creation and manipulation, and GIS software are all required background courses for understanding GIS.
Length of the program
Three weeks won’t cut it. A lot of universities and colleges are eager to jump on the GIS program bandwagon and some come through with mini certificate programs, offering 2-3 GIS related courses as a quick GIS program. If the entire certificate program revolves around a few weeks, you can be sure that, at best, you will be exposed to some basics to using GIS software and not much else.
More expensive isn’t better
Higher tuition isn’t necessarily reflective of a better GIS program. According to Indeed.com, the average salary for a GIS technician is $42,000 and $71,000 for a GIS Analyst. Actual salaries will vary greatly depending on the region and industry you ultimately land a GIS job in. Make sure the financial burden of attaining a GIS education doesn’t outweigh the potential salary.
Employment placement and mandatory internship
A good professional GIS program will make sure that its students are being prepared for a career in GIS. If the program teaches you a series of courses and then shows you the door, it probably isn’t the right program for you. Preparation for a GIS career should include providing access to internship opportunities. Most GIS employers require some hands on experience for any position outside of an internship. Once students are ready to start looking for a permanent GIS job, the GIS program should have employment placement guidance in place to help students search for and obtain a GIS job.
Past student feedback
The best critics for any GIS program are past students. Top questions to ask are: did the program prepare them for a GIS career? Are they currently employed in GIS? What pluses and minuses do they have for the program? One of the best places to ask for reviews and recommendations for GIS programs is via the GIS group (with over 20,000 members) on LinkedIn.
- GIS Distance Learning Programs
- Finding GIS Programs
- GIS Certification versus Certificate Programs
- GIS Career Resources – Jobs and Internships
- Perspective on a GIS career