Campaign 2000 – A Cartographic Perspective

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An oft-heard quote attributed to elections is “Geography is destiny.” The race for the 43rd president of the United States of America is one of the closest race in 40 years. Both candidates struck the last day of campaigning hard; which for Gore meant 30 straight stumping hours in some of the most crucial undecided states.

Today’s election is for the popular vote. The actual election is decided by electoral votes. In this process, the candidate that receives the highest percentage of popular votes tends to receive the electoral votes for that state.

Out of the 538 possible electoral votes, 270 are needed to win the election. The actual presidential election will take place on the Monday following the second Wednesday of December, as 538 men and women gather in their respective state capitals and cast their ballots in what is known as the electoral vote.

 

STATE1981-19901991-2000
Alabama

9

9

Alaska

3

3

Arizona

7

8

Arkansas

6

6

California

47

54

Colorado

8

8

Connecticut

8

8

Delaware

3

3

D.C.

3

3

Florida

21

25

Georgia

12

13

Hawaii

4

4

Idaho

4

4

Illinois

24

22

Indiana

12

12

Iowa

8

7

Kansas

7

6

Kentucky

9

8

Louisiana

10

9

Maine

4

4

Maryland

10

10

Massachusetts

13

12

Michigan

20

18

Minnesota

10

10

Mississippi

7

7

Missouri

11

11

Montana

4

3

Nebraska

5

5

Nevada

4

4

New Hampshire

4

4

New Jersey

16

15

New Mexico

5

5

New York

36

33

North Carolina

13

14

North Dakota

3

3

Ohio

23

21

Oklahoma

8

8

Oregon

7

7

Pennsylvania

25

23

Rhode Island

4

4

South Carolina

8

8

South Dakota

3

3

Tennessee

11

11

Texas

29

32

Utah

5

5

Vermont

3

3

Virginia

12

13

Washington

10

11

West Virginia

6

5

Wisconsin

11

11

Wyoming

3

3

Total Votes

538

538

 

 

Based on various polls, the race has been a virtual dead heat. Prior to Election Day, 23 states were leaning towards Bush and 12 states were leaning towards Gore. That left 16 states undecided.

STOPSTATECANDIDATE

STOP ORDER

CHATTANOOGATNBUSH

1

GREENBAYWIBUSH

2

DAVENPORTIABUSH

3

BENTONVILLEAKBUSH

4

AUSTINTXBUSH

5

WATERLOOIAGORE

1

ST. LOUISMIGORE

2

FLINTMIGORE

3

MIAMI BEACHFLGORE

4

TAMPAFLGORE

5

CARTHAGETNGORE

6

NASHVILLETNGORE

7

Why has the race been so close? From a geographical perspective, the Republican candidate, George Bush won 10 states that had been won by Bill Clinton in the 1996 Presidential Election. In contrast, Al Gore was unable to convert any of the 1996 Republican carried states in the 2000 Election.

 

 

 

More 2000 Presidential Election Maps

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