This article provides an overview of the use of GIS as in public health. It includes a short history of its development as a tool in the field, explains how GIS is used, different data sources and how the privacy of sensitive health information is maintained. Examples of current research using GIS within the public health field are also provided.
Site selection is a type of GIS analysis that is used to determine the best site for something and fuzzy logic is one site selection method. It assigns membership values to locations that range from 0 to 1 and is commonly used to find ideal habitat for plants and animals. This article examines fuzzy logic and explains how and when to use it.
Site selection is a type of analysis used in GIS to determine the best place or site for something. Weighted site selection analysis is one type of site selection that allows users to rank raster cells and assign a relative importance value to each layer. This article examines weighted site selection by explaining how it works and when it should be used. It also provides an example of a weighted site selection project for reference.
This article presents a summary of least cost path analysis, an important tool in GIS. Least cost path analysis is a distance analysis tool within GIS that uses the least cost path (the path between two locations that costs the least to those travelling along it) to determine the most cost-effective route between a source and destination. This article provides an overview of that topic as well as the requirements and steps for creating a least cost path analysis.
Flow maps are a type of map used in cartography to show the movement of objects between different areas on the Earth’s surface. This article provides a basic overview these maps, a description of how they work, describes the three different types of flow maps and explains the characteristics of a good flow map. For reference, it also several examples of different types of flow maps.
Most imagery for use in GIS projects consist of satellite images or aerial photographs but it can also include, thermal images, digital elevation models (DEMs), scanned maps and land classification maps. This article examines imagery and how to effectively gather, store, process and interpret it for a variety of different GIS projects.
Throughout his life, Daniel Gerhardus Krige (1919 – 2013) conducted much research into mining and mining engineering. His research led to the creation of the spatial interpolation method known as kriging. This article provides a biography of a Danie Krige, and presents a short overview of geostatistics and kriging.
Learn about the Mercator map projection – one of the most widely used and recently, most largely criticized projections. Amanda Briney takes a look at the history and development of the Mercator projection, how it works and some criticisms of the projection. The Mercator projection is just one of many map projections but it is one of the most recognizable.